Jan Mijtens

Portrait of Maria of Orange (1642-1688), with Hendrik van Nassau-Zuylestein (d. 1673) and a Servant

114 voorzijde
114 detail
114 achterzijde
114 ingelijst
114 voorzijde
114 voorzijde

Jan Mijtens
Portrait of Maria of Orange (1642-1688), with Hendrik van Nassau-Zuylestein (d. 1673) and a Servant

1665 On view in Room 8

This is Princess Maria of Orange with her nephew Hendrik to the left and a second boy to the right. His name is unknown. He was one of the black servants at the court and was presumably brought to the Dutch Republic as a young boy by the WIC – as a present for the princess.

Maria was the seventh and youngest daughter of Stadholder Frederik Hendrik and Amalia van Solms. Mijtens portrayed her shortly before her marriage. The wedding was celebrated in Cleves, at the residence of her favourite uncle Johan Maurits.

Technical details

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Mauritshuis – general audio
Mauritshuis - General audio
Mauritshuis Perspectief
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  • Mauritshuis

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    Mauritshuis Perspectief
Women of the Mauritshuis
Vera Bos - Museum Educator Mauritshuis
Vera Bos, Museumdocent
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    Museum Educator Mauritshuis

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  • Vera Bos

    Museum Educator Mauritshuis

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Discover the collection through stories

Women of the Mauritshuis

This is Maria of Orange at the age of 19, with her cousin and a servant. She is not wearing the usual attire of a wealthy 17th-century woman. The colours of her costume are pretty bright, for one thing. Women usually wore black. What’s more, the outfit is much too big, and she is wearing her hair loose. Women never wore their hair loose – only men did. Is this actually a woman? Yes it is, but in this painting she is wearing men’s clothing: a loose-fitting riding suit with a cravat – the forerunner of the necktie – plus a red bow and a man’s wig. We do not know why she is dressed like this, but we do know that such outfits caused an outcry at the time. It was simply not done for a woman to dress this way!

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  • Vera Bos

    Museum Educator Mauritshuis

    Vera Bos, Museumdocent
Jan Mijtes Portret van Maria van oranje Mauritshuis
114 voorzijde

Jan Mijtens
Portrait of Maria of Orange (1642-1688), with Hendrik van Nassau-Zuylestein (d. 1673) and a Servant

1665 On view in Room 8

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Details

General information
Jan Mijtens (The Hague c. 1614 - 1670 The Hague)
Portrait of Maria of Orange (1642-1688), with Hendrik van Nassau-Zuylestein (d. 1673) and a Servant
1665
painting
114
Room 8
Material and technical details
oil
canvas
150 x 185.5 cm
Inscriptions
middle right, on the tree: JANMijtens F: 16 [..]
JANM in ligature

Provenance

Probably by inheritance to Albertine Agnes of Orange-Nassau, the sitter’s sister, Oranienstein Palace, Diez, recorded in 1695; National Konst-Gallery, The Hague; found in the attic of the Mauritshuis, 1875