Adriaen Brouwer came from Flanders and lived for a few years in the Northern Netherlands, where he introduced the genre of peasant painting. His caricatures of peasants and their churlish ways appealed to wealthy Dutch townspeople.
Nobody in this inn has remained sober, thanks to drink, tobacco and excitement. The woman in the foreground is the worst for wear, and has passed out and toppled off her stool.
Adriaan Leonard van Heteren, The Hague, until 1800; his heir, jonkheer Adriaan Leonard van Heteren Gevers, 1800-1809; the entire collection Van Heteren Gevers bought by King Louis Napoleon for the Royal Museum, Amsterdam; on loan from the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (inv. no. SK-A-64), since 1948