Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675)
Johannes Vermeer is one of the most famous Dutch painters of the 17th century. He is famous for his intimate household scenes with amazing light. In other paintings by Vermeer, such as the famous Girl with a Pearl Earring and View of Delft, he managed to create a calm, almost timeless atmosphere.
Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)
Rembrandt van Rijn was a Dutch 17th-century painter, and one of the most interesting artists of all time. His paintings are full of drama, contrasts between light and dark and experimental brushwork, and are famous all over the world. His lively and original images still touch people today.
Judith Leyster (1609-1660)
Judith Leyster of Haarlem was a Dutch 17th-century artist. There were only a few female artists at that time, and she is the most famous. She was the first woman to be given the title of ‘master painter’ by the painters’ guild. This meant that, like male artists, she could set up her own studio, train students and even sell her paintings.
Jan Steen (1626-1679)
Jan Steen is one of the most popular and multitalented artists of 17th-century Dutch painting. His paintings hang in some of the world’s great museums. We all know his fun pictures of homes in chaos, fake doctors, sick girls and inns full of drunken adults and children running wild. His chaotic scenes are so typical of his work that a ‘Jan Steen household’ is a common saying in Dutch.
Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640)
Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens was one of the most multitalented and important painters of his time. His skilfully made, colourful paintings became famous all over Europe. All the royal courts of Europe ordered work from him.
Rachel Ruysch (1664-1750)
Rachel Ruysch was one of the most successful Dutch still life painters of the 17th and 18th centuries. Her refined paintings with colourful, lifelike flowers were among the best of the kind at the time. Ruysch was a court painter for a German prince and the first woman to be a member of the artists’ society Pictura in The Hague. She was famous both at home and abroad.
Frans Hals (1582/83 – 1666)
Frans Hals is one of the most famous and most extraordinary Dutch painters of the 17th century. He painted lively, sometimes even cheerful, portraits of people from all levels of society. Hals had a unique ability to bring his paintings to life with colour and broad brushstrokes.
Carel Fabritius (1622-1654)
Carel Fabritius was a Dutch 17th-century painter with a completely unique style. He painted portraits, still lifes, views of towns and cities and history paintings, often in bright colours and with clever lighting. In 1654 Fabritius painted one of his most extraordinary pictures, The Goldfinch.